Formal rating is approached somewhat differently for different program types. For instance, the type of program affects the ERS tool used in the rating, and the program type, as well as program hours, also affect the ERS Observer’s arrival time. The typical arrival of an ERS Observer to a family child care program (which they would rate using the FCCERS-R tool) or a group program (which they would rate using the ITERS-R and/or ECERS-R tool) is between 7:30 and 9 am. For school-age programs, (rated using the SACERS-U), the ERS Observer’s arrival might be similar to family and group programs in the summer months but during the school year would be about 15 minutes before the program starts receiving children.
Additionally, most group centers receive more than one ERS observation. YoungStar ERS Observers will observe using each type of tool (ITERS-R, ECERS-R, and/or SACERS-U) at least once based on the eligible classrooms at the center and possibly more depending on the number of classrooms. However, family providers typically only have one observation using the FCCERS-R tool. This means group programs earn their formal rating through the average of each of their ERS observations.